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Academic & General IELTS Writing Task 2

In IELTS Writing Task 2 you will have to write an essay and you must write at least 250 words. You should spend 40 minutes for Task 2. It is not very difficult, as long as you stay calm and plan your essay.

The essay is usually a discussion of a subject of general interest. You are supposed to develop your point of view in a convincing way.

Essays could be on the following topics

Academic & General IELTS Writing Task 2

You may have to present and justify your opinion about the given topic, or give the solution to a problem. You may be given a situation to express your opinion on that. You should write in a formal, academic style. You should read the questions carefully and fully answer them. For Example, if the question in topic is technology, make sure you understand exactly what aspect of Technology you need to discuss in your writing. For example a typical Task 2 question could look like this;

Is technology time-consuming or does it save time? What is your opinion on this?

You should use your own ideas, knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence. You should write at least 250 words. For this particular example task you need to express your opinion and discuss whether technology uses or saves time you should not simply write about Technology in general.

Assessment Criteria for Writing Task 2

The Examiner will assess your writing Task 2 according to these criteria, while marking your essays.

  • Task Response
  • Coherence and Cohesion
  • Lexical Resource
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy

Let’s have a look at these criteria in detail.

Task Response:

The examiner will look to see if you have fully understood and answered all parts of the question properly, using relevant ideas developed and supported logically. You also need to: show a clear and effective position in your writing

Coherence and Cohesion:

Your views and opinions are consistent and organized, and they should be appropriately linked. You writing should be fluent in order to make it clear for your reader.

Lexical Resource:

The use of an extensive range of fluent, appropriate and accurate vocabulary with correct spellings.

Grammatical Range:

There should be correct use of English grammar, accurate and appropriate use of a range of sentence structures. And of course the accuracy of the language you use.

Types of Essays for IELTS Writing Task 2

Opinion Essay: In opinion type of essay the task instructions require you to either agree or disagree with the statement in question and you are supposed to choose one side. This type of essay asks you to express your opinion on an issue. Below are examples to understand it further. You need to discuss both opinions and support them.

Example 1: Should parents be forced to immunize their children against common childhood diseases. Do you agree or disagree?

Example 2: In our current time, career is the most important thing in a person’s life. What is your opinion?

Argument Essay: This type of essay usually has two points of view or situations and the task is to discuss each and to give your own view on it.

Example 1: A large number of people regard television as an educational tool. Others think that it is just a form of entertainment. Discuss each view. Give your own view on this.

Example 2: Safety standards are important when building people’s homes. Who should be responsible for enforcing strict building codes- the government or the people who build the homes?

Problem/Solution Essays: In this essay type the task illustrates some problem and requires solutions of the identified phenomenon. In this type of writing, you have to give the cause of a problem or situation mentioned in the question and to describe the results.

Example 1: Schools are having problems with children’s bad behavior. Who do you think is responsible for that and suggest solutions?

Example 2: A lot of children today are becoming overweight. Cite the cause and effects.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Structure

Academic & General IELTS Writing Task 2

Writing Task 2 – Introduction

The Introduction opens the essay. It is a short paragraph and usually requires about three sentences.

Writing Task 2 – Body

The Body is the main part of the essay. It can be divided into two or three paragraphs, depending on the type of essay. Each paragraph in the body should contain five and to seven sentences.

Writing Task 2 – Conclusion

The Conclusion is the end of the essay. Conclusion is normally a reflection of the arguments to discuss in the body of the essay. It is a short paragraph and generally involves about three sentences.

Writing Essay Layout

Academic & General IELTS Writing Task 2-ielts-samples-examples-test

Academic & General IELTS Writing Task 2-7 band trick

Introductions

The Introduction opens the essay. The introduction of your essay somewhat depends on the type of essay you are about to write. However normally your essay should begin with a general statement with rephrasing the question. The last sentence of the introduction should include a thesis statement. Thesis statement demonstrates what you will be doing in your essay. There are a number of words you can use in your thesis statement for example: analyze, look at, examine, discuss, outline, consider, describe.

In this essay I will analyze some arguments for and against……

Opinion Essay

In the introduction of an opinion essay write 4 sentences

Academic & General IELTS Writing Task 2-ielts-practice

Example/Sample IELTS Essay for Writing Task 2

Does modern technology make life more convenient, or was life better when technology was simpler?

General IELTS Writing Task 2

IELTS Argument Essay Writing Task 2

Academic IELTS Writing Task 2

IELTS Example Essay: Will the internet bring people of the world together

IELTS Writing Task 2

Problem/Solution Essay Writing Task 2

ielts-task-2

Example Essay: Drug abuse is becoming a problem a problem in our society. What are the causes of this and what are some solutions?

Planning for IELTS Writing Task 2

Before you start writing, you need to develop strategies that will help you produce and organize your ideas. You should develop strategies and arrange your thoughts well to achieve success in this task. Your ability to communicate your ideas will somewhat depend on good planning.

I suggest giving some time to plan your writing is worth the effort. Planning basically provides you a road map to writing an effective essay. Planning also helps you to reflect on your ideas and what exactly you would like to discuss in the topic before you start writing. I am not suggesting you should spend too much time thinking about what to write; but as you read the topic in question get the question paper and write down some ideas, or examples. If you try to do this while you are writing, you will find it very difficult, so it is always a good idea to spend 5 minutes planning your essay. Plan the essay by specifying what side (opinion) you will take, then plan the number of paragraphs by considering the arguments for each paragraph. While planning your essay you should also decide whether to discuss your views in favor of or against the views in the topic.

Underline key words: underline the key words in the question and list all the related words or synonyms you can imagine. It will help you to avoid repeating the words, throughout your essay. It also demonstrates that you hold a wide range of vocabulary. Remember that if you copy the question in your writing or use words from the question the examiner will ignore this and it will not count in your word total, use synonyms instead. You must write in normal full sentences. There should be no bullet points or numbering. Check the question again and again as you write to make sure you are answering it right.

Example IELTS Essay: Should criminals be punished with lengthy jail terms or re-educated and rehabilitated, using community service programs for instance, before being reintroduced to society.

As you can see significant words in this topic are “should“, “or“, “for instance” “before“, “lengthy jail terms” and “rehabilitated“. The first three words are significant because they point out the different parts of the question and how they shape together. “Should”, for example, indicates that this is a question that is asking you to decide whether a certain action is appropriate or not and when it is combined with “or”, you know that this decision is between two particular actions. In this case the actions are methods of dealing with criminals, which, logically, are the two topics – “lengthy jail terms” and “rehabilitation”. If you are not sure what “rehabilitation” means, you have been provided the hint by the example linking word “for instance”, which recommends that community service programs are one form of rehabilitation (and re-education).

Before” is important because it defines the terms of the question by pointing out that the criminals will, eventually, be released from jail, and that this should be a basic assumption in your argument. This topic requires you to decide whether lengthy jail terms are better than rehabilitation, but it is up to you to define the terms of the argument and indicate exactly what you understand the issue to be. The next stage is to brainstorm as many ideas on the topic as you can. You have a really limited time to complete this task, so divide your ideas in a way that will help build up an argument, which usually means dividing the ideas into two groups, either into the two topics you must choose between, or arguments “for” and “against” the statement, or the “advantages” and “disadvantages” of an issue or topic.

To adequately plan this essay, you need to plan ahead which opinion you will be supporting and write down advantages and disadvantages of the two topics in this task “Lengthy jail terms, rehabilitation”.

Body of Essay Writing Task 2:

IELTS essay questions typically ask you something which contains more than one opinion or argument and you need to reflect on both sides of every argument regardless of your opinion. You should also State the opposite point of view and give reasons why you do not agree with it and discuss both sides of the argument individually, you must write separate paragraphs for this purpose. You are expected to give logical explanations to support your argument. As body paragraphs logically develop your key argument, you should write 2 or 3 body paragraphs for your essay. Remember the body of the essay should always be divided into paragraphs. Do not write just one long paragraph. You must develop your paragraphs adequately. You can use examples, explanations, details or you can make comparisons or contrasts for this purpose. You can have 2 or 3 paragraphs for the body of your essay.

Example: Does modern technology make life more convenient, or was life better when technology was simpler?

”Body paragraph should be formed by the following pattern”

IELTS Opinion Essay Body Paragraph – 1

IELTS Opinion Essay Body Paragraph – 2

Example 2: Should animals be used in testing new drugs and procedures?

IELTS Argument Essay Body Paragraph – 1

IELTS Argument Essay Body Paragraph – 2

Edit your Essay IELTS Writing Task 2

In the last few minutes, you should check for any apparent errors, such as spelling or grammatical mistakes. Make sure you have written what you planned for and that there are no significant points missing. Use the checklist for an effective editing. It lists points to think about when editing your essay. Put this into practice to be familiar with the list so that you will know what to check for in the real test.

Checklist, make sure you have

  • Written enough words
  • Used correct tenses
  • Used correct spelling
  • Used appropriate vocabulary
  • Used a variety of connective words
  • Develop each paragraph effectively
  • Used accurate grammatically structures
  • Added ‘s’ to all countable nouns used in the plural

Phrases for general statements

ielts=writing-task-2

Essay Phrases for IELTS Writing Task 2

Below are some common phrases and expressions, these will add diversity and interest to your writing. You will also be able to write more quickly and effectively during your exam, when time is limited. Preferably, use at least three or four expressions from each group below, so they come to mind easily during the IELTS.

Stating Your Opinion

Giving Examples

When Comparing

Contrasting

Expressing Certainty

Expressing Partial Agreement

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Functional/Sample/Template Sentences for IELTS Writing Task 2

Below is a list of useful sentence to use in your essays, make sure you use them while writing practice essays.

IELTS Introduction Part

  1.  ……….. has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought us a lot of benefits but created some serious problems as well.
  2. It is only during the last years that man has become generally aware that……..
  3. In recent years, there is a general tendency to………….
  4. According to a study, there is……… compared with ……….. last year.
  5. Some people prefer to…………. In their opinion, ……….. In addition, ………..  Nevertheless, nowadays …………. has become more and more common.
  6. In our history, the idea that ………….. never has been so popular. On one hand ………. on the other hand, …………
  7. Some people hold the opinion that ……………. is superior to …………….. in many ways: Others, however, disagree with it.
  8. Nowadays although more and more people ………………. Still there are some who think ………….., they may think ………….
  9. There are different opinions among people as to ……………… Some people suggest that …………….

IELTS Opinions Essay

  1. In my opinion, we should place much emphasis on the importance of ………….. But ………. and ……………. have their own advantages. For example, ………….. while …………….. Comparing those two, however, I prefer to ………….
  2. In my opinion, …………. is just as common as ……………… If …………………, it may be very useful. Whatever …………….., the key point lies in ………………
  3. As a popular saying goes, ……………………In my opinion what really counts is not …………., but ……………. I believe that as long as …………………., we will …………… So I am for the opinion that ………………………..
  4. In my opinion, all of the people should be brave enough to show our disapproval and criticism when confronted with ……………….
  5. People are coming to realize the importance of …………………… They have begun to try their best to ……………… We believe that ………………….
  6. It is difficult to say whether _is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of ……………….. However, from a personal point of view I find ………………..
  7. My own point of view is that ………………… is a normal behavior in our society.
  8. Nowadays there is a growing concern over …………………… Many people like …………… while others are inclined to …………………

IELTS Body Part

  1. The most effective means to solve this problem is that ………. In that case, ……….
  2. Everything has its own two sides, no exception with XYZ. For one thing, ………………. For another, ……………..
  3. It is essential that effective actions should be taken to end the situation.
  4. It is no doubt that special attention must be paid to the problem of …………….
  5. With the development of society, ……………… So it’s urgent and necessary to ………….. If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.
  6. We need to take a second look at the matter from a wider standpoint, otherwise, we will …………………
  7. It is high time that ……………………. Here are some of the measures that might be taken immediately.
  8. If we cannot take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is ……………….
  9. Recently, …………….. has become the focus of the society, and in this way, People swarm to ……………..
  10. Nowadays, …………………….. has become a problem we have to face. Though it’s easier said than done, with the help of modem technology, we now have many means to solve it.

IELTS Conclusion Part

  1. Taking into account all of these factors, we may reach the conclusion that …………
  2. From what has been discussed in this essay, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that …………
  3. But both ………… and ………… have disadvantages. For example, Which to choose, ………… or …………? Careful consideration is necessary before you make your own choice.
  4. In conclusion, we should know about the problem of ………… and object to …………. Only in this way …………
  5. Although it is affected by many factors, still there are certain ways that can make the situation better. The most import is …………. Another way is …………. Still another one is …………
  6. No easy method can be at hand to solve the problem of……….. . But the common recognition of the importance of might be the first step on the right way.
  7. It is clear, therefore, that the task of …………… demands great attention.
  8. We may have a long way to go before we reach the final goal. But once we are on the way, the chance to reach it is greater.
  9. But for me, I would rather think of the mailer in an optimistic way. Because I believe …………….
  10. All in all, we cannot live without …………….. But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with problems that would arise.
  11. On the whole, it is high time that we recognized the significance of …………..
  12. As a result, we should take some effective methods to ………….
  13. In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ………… Only in this way can …………. in the future.
  14. My experience tells me that to ………….. needs a thorough and persevering process, and in this process you had better abide by the principles mentioned above.
  15. In my opinion, both sides are partly right. When we …………….., we should take into consideration all aspects of the problems, and then make the right decision.
  16. Personally, I believe that …………… Consequently, I am confident that a bright future is awaiting us because ………………
  17. To recapitulate, I would concede that ………….
  18. Overall, I am convinced that ………….
  19. Many solutions are offered here, all of them make some sense, but none is adequate enough. The problem should be studied in depth.

IELTS writing task 2 full practice online free forever. If student go through this post then must see writing task 2 samples in writing task 2 category after that all doubts will be clear for sure. If student has read this full article and still there is any question regarding IELTS feel free to contact us or ask in comment box below.

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10 comments

  1. What is the main difference between argumentative and opinion essay? Going through the examples, I found these two are more or less same. So, I would be grateful if you could kindly share me what actually differentiates the two.
    Thank you.

  2. What is the main difference between argumentative and opinion essay? Going through the examples, it appears to me that the two are more or less same. So, I would be grateful if you could kindly share some features that differentiates the two.
    Thank you.

    • An argument involves arriving at a judgement which is based on an evaluation of relevant ideas and evidence. Where opinion is more likely to express the opinion.

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